Bud Moore: NASCAR Hall of Famer and American hero

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Two of NASCAR’s greatest living legends: Bud Moore (left) and Junior Johnson. (Photo by Jared C. Tilton/NASCAR via Getty Images)

Monday wasn’t just Memorial Day, it was also very special for NASCAR Hall of Famer Bud Moore, who celebrated his 90th birthday on the same day.

It was quite fitting as before he became a legendary NASCAR team owner, Moore was a World War II hero.

Wood Brothers Racing put out a media release Monday on Moore’s life, particularly his illustrious military service. We thought we’d share some of those highlights with you:

* Grew up in the Depression, the second-oldest of 10 children. One day after graduating high school, the Army drafted Moore. “I got out of school on June 1, 1943, and I got my draft papers on June 2,” Moore said.

* After a brief furlough back home for Christmas 1943, Moore was deployed to England to prepare for D-Day, June 6, 1944, when he and 150,000 other troops stormed the beaches of Normandy to begin liberation of France and Western Europe from the Nazis.

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NASCAR Hall of Famer Bud Moore shortly after his induction into the Army in 1943. (Photo by ISC Images & Archives via Getty Images)

* Moore and his fellow soldiers were aboard a boat that left Liverpool, England, under the pretense of a “dry run” across the English Channel. But Moore, who manned a water-cooled machine gun, knew otherwise: “I told some of my buddies that this ain’t no dry run,” he said.

* The barrage of the Normandy coast began at 4:30 a.m. Recalled Moore, “When those doggone guns started firing, it looked like they were going to blow the coast up,” he said. “It looked like it would be a piece of cake, but how wrong we were.”

* After leaving Normandy unscathed (“The Good Lord was looking after me,” Moore said), Moore would become part of the fiercest fighting of the War. By the time the war ended over a year later, Moore would receive five Purple Hearts, four for being struck by shrapnel from German artillery rounds, while the fifth was for being shot in the hip by a German machine gun.

* Yet even with the wounds he sustained, Moore didn’t return to the U.S. Rather, he went right back into combat, serving under legendary Gen. George Patton. “Patton didn’t believe in taking ground twice,” Moore recalled. “Others would be two or three miles behind the lines giving orders. Patton was up there with us.”

* Under Patton’s leadership, Moore received two Bronze Stars, one for being on the front line of combat for 9 ½ months without a break. He earned the second Bronze Star when just he and his driver stormed a German headquarters, capturing 18 German soldiers, including five officers. When he brought the captured soldiers back to camp, Moore’s commanding officer quipped, “Moore, what in the heck is going on?” To which Moore equally quipped back, “We’re fighting a war.”

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Bud Moore was Buck Baker’s crew chief in Baker’s 1957 championship season. (Photo: Getty Images)

* Moore still thinks of the hellish experiences he went through, especially all the fellow soldiers and friends that made the ultimate sacrifice. “We lost a lot of them,” he said. “We just hollered for the medic and kept going. How many we lost I don’t know.”

* Although he’s been invited several times for D-Day anniversary tributes, Moore has never returned to Normandy. “When I got on that ship to come home, I told the Lord that if he’d get me that 5,000 miles back home I wouldn’t be back,” he said. “And I haven’t been back. I don’t want to go back. I left too many friends over there.”

After returning stateside, Moore laid the foundation for what would become an outstanding NASCAR career by starting a used-car business with long-time friend Joe Eubanks.

Soon after hanging out their shingle, Moore and Eubanks traded a 1939 Ford for a race car and, as the Wood Brothers release aptly stated, “the rest is NASCAR history.”

After serving as crew chief for Buck Baker’s championship in 1957, Moore would go on to spend nearly 40 years as a team owner. His cars won 63 races, 43 poles and two championships in the Grand National and Winston Cup series.

He was a member of the second class to be inducted into the NASCAR Hall of Fame in 2011.

Throughout his ownership career, Moore not only was a major innovator, he also worked alongside the Wood Brothers as both teams tried to get the most out of their Fords.

But on race day, the Wood Brothers knew they wouldn’t get much help from Moore. One of his favorite sayings was simple yet powerful: “Come Sunday, it’s every man for himself,” Moore said.

Even at 90, the life-long Spartanburg, S.C., resident is still very active, tending daily to his cattle farm.

Bud Moore, in front of his display at the NASCAR Hall of Fame. (Photo: Getty Images)

And Moore is not just a great American hero and NASCAR legend, he’s also a great American treasure, said Eddie Wood.

“Hearing what Bud Moore has said about his experiences at Normandy really makes you think how lucky we all are that people like him did what they did,” said Wood, who went so far as to add that there should be a movie made on Moore’s life.

“If they had ever made a movie, there’s only one actor who could have done him justice, and that’s John Wayne,” Wood said. “Beyond all the racing and the wins and the championships, I look at him as a hero of World War II and a great friend.”

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Dr. Diandra: Charlotte’s 600 miles test man more than machine


This weekend’s 600-mile outing at Charlotte Motor Speedway is NASCAR’s longest race. It’s the ultimate stock car challenge: not just making a car fast but making it fast for a long time.

Although 600 miles is nowhere near the 3,300-plus miles in the 24 Hours of LeMans, the pace is similar. Most of NASCAR’s 600-mile races run between four and five hours.

The 1960 World 600 set the record for this race, requiring five hours, 34 minutes, and six seconds to complete — and it had only eight cautions. The second longest race, the very next year, ran 12 minutes shorter than the previous year’s outing.

The longest race in the modern era (1972 to present) happened in 2005. That race took five hours, 13 minutes, and 52 seconds to complete and set a record for cautions with 22.

Last year’s event was the second-longest modern-era race. With four fewer cautions than 2005, the 2022 race took just 44 seconds less to complete.

The field for the 1960 race included 60 cars. Only 18 of those cars (30%) crossed the finish line.

NASCAR disqualified six drivers for making illegal entrances to pit road. The reasons for the remaining 36 DNFs reads like an inventory of car parts, from “A-frame” to “valve.”

The number of cars failing to finish the race decreased significantly over the years. In the 1960s and early 1970s, it was not uncommon for 50-70% of the field to drop out of the race before its end. As the graph below shows, the DNF rate is now in the range of 10-30%.

A bar chart shows how DNFs have decreased over time and turned the the 600-mile Charlotte race inot more a test of man than machine

Last year — the first year of the Next Gen car — had an abnormally high 46% DNF rate. That doesn’t signify a problem with car reliability.

Quite the contrary, in fact.

Increased car reliability makes people more important

Racecar evolution has changed the nature of NASCAR’s longest race. The car have become so reliable that Charlotte’s 600-mile race is now more a test of drivers than their cars.

“All of the components in the car are pretty standard,” Chase Elliott’s crew chief Alan Gustafson said. “So you just want to make sure you have it all in good condition and dot all your I’s and cross your T’s.”

That wasn’t how it used to be. Kevin Harvick remembers that drivers used to be warned to take care of their equipment early so it would last until the end.

“The engine guys freak out because you have to go an extra 100 miles, but the parts and stuff on the car are a lot more durable than they used to be,” Harvick said. “Back in the day, it was ‘take care of the motor.’ ”

Drivers worry much less about their car’s engine today. The graph below shows how DNFs due to engine failure have decreased since NASCAR started running 600-mile races.

A bar chart shows that engine failures have gone from 50-70% to 10-30%, turning the 600-mile Charlotte race inot more a test of man than machine

In 1966, more than half the field lost an engine during the race. Only six cars have retired due to engine failure in the last five years.

While cars are more reliable, their drivers are still human. Crash-related DNFs (crashes, failure to beat the DVP clock and inability to meet maximum speed) show no clear trend over time.

A bar chart shows how the number of DNFs due to crashes doesn't show any overall trend with time

Typically, between five to 10% of the cars starting a race will fail to finish due to an accident rather than a mechanical failure. Last year’s race was an exception, setting a record for the largest fraction of the field taken out by crashes since the 600-miler began.

It’s only one data point as far as 600-mile races are concerned. It is, however, indicative of a trend observed since the Next Gen car debuted. The car is so sturdy that contact is no longer the deterrent it used to be.

Man versus machine

NASCAR’s only 600-mile outing has become an endurance race for humans. Drivers draw upon research in hydration, nutrition and fitness, hoping to create an advantage by preparation and conditioning.

“As a driver,” Daniel Suárez said, “your goal is to be as fresh at the end of the race as you are at the beginning. It isn’t about making it to the end of the race. It’s about being at your best at the end and taking advantage of other drivers who are tired.”

Harrison Burton, who ran his first 600-mile race last year, was surprised by how taxing that extra stage was.

“I figured it’s only 100 more miles than 500 and we do that fairly frequently and didn’t think it would be that different,” Burton said, “but for whatever reason when that fourth stage starts it’s definitely daunting.

Burton also noted that last year’s Coca-Cola 600 was the first time he got hungry during a race.

“It’s actually a really important race to have something to snack on in the car during the race,” Ross Chastain said. “I typically have some sort of protein bar that I can eat during a stage break just to try and keep my stamina up.”

The driver isn’t the only one whose mental acumen gets tested during the Coca-Cola 600. Crew chiefs and pit crews must work at peak form for a longer time.

“There’s more pit stops, there’s more restarts, there’s more strategy calls and there’s more laps,” Gustafson said. “There’s more everything.”

That means more opportunities to make mistakes or lose focus — or to take advantage of other drivers who do.

Alex Bowman confident as he returns to racing from back injury


CONCORD, N.C. — Alex Bowman watched the rain-filled skies over Charlotte Motor Speedway Saturday with more than a touch of disappointment.

As weather threatened to cancel Saturday night’s scheduled NASCAR Cup Series practice at the speedway, Bowman saw his chances to testing his car — and his body — dissolving in the raindrops. NASCAR ultimately cancelled practice and qualifying because of rain.

MORE: Wet weather cancels Charlotte Cup practice, qualifying

Bowman suffered a fractured vertebra in a sprint car accident last month and has missed three Cup races while he recovers. Sunday’s Coca-Cola 600, the season’s longest race, is scheduled to mark his return to the Hendrick Motorsports No. 48 Chevrolet.

“It would have been really nice to kickstart that with practice today,” Bowman said. “I haven’t raced or competitively driven a race car in a month. I’m trying to understand where my rusty areas are going to be and where I’m still good.”

Bowman ran 200 laps in a test season at North Wilkesboro Speedway this week, but, of course, that doesn’t compare with the faster speeds and tougher G-forces he’ll experience over 400 laps Sunday at CMS.

Bowman admitted that he is still experiencing pain from the back injury — his car flipped several times — and that he expects some pain during the race. But he said he is confident he’ll be OK and that the longer race distance won’t be an issue.

“I broke my back a month ago, and there’s definitely things that come along with that for a long time,” he said. “I have some discomfort here and there and there are things I do that don’t feel good. That’s just part of it. It’s stuff I’ll have to deal with. But, for the most part, I’m back to normal.

“I’m easing back into being in the gym. I’m trying to be smart with things. If I twist the wrong way, sometimes it hurts. In the race car at the end of a six-hour race, I’m probably not going to be the best.”

The sprint car crash interrupted what had been a fine seasonal start for Bowman. Although winless, he had three top fives and six top 10s in the first 10 races.

“I’m excited to be back,” Bowman said. “Hopefully, we can pick up where we left off and be strong right out of the gate.”

He said he hopes to return to short-track racing but not in the near future.

“Someday I want to get back in a sprint car or midget,” he said. “I felt like we were just getting rolling in a sprint car. That night we were pretty fast. Definitely a bummer there. That’s something I really want to conquer and be competitive at in the World of Outlaws or High Limits races. Somebody I’ll get back to that. It’s probably smart if I give my day job a little alone time for a bit.”




Charlotte NASCAR Cup Series starting lineup: Rain cancels qualifying


CONCORD, N.C. — William Byron and Kevin Harvick will start Sunday’s NASCAR Cup Series 600-mile race at Charlotte Motor Speedway on the front row after wet weather cancelled Saturday night qualifying.

Rain pelted the CMS area much of the day Saturday, and NASCAR announced at 3:45 p.m. that Cup practice and qualifying, scheduled for Saturday night, had been cancelled.

MORE: Alex Bowman confident as he returns to cockpit

The starting field was set by the NASCAR rulebook.

Following Byron and Harvick in the starting top 10 will be Brad Keselowski, Denny Hamlin, Kyle Busch, Chase Elliott, Bubba Wallace, Ryan Blaney, Christopher Bell and Ricky Stenhouse Jr.

The elimination of the practice session was particularly problematic for Alex Bowman, scheduled to return to racing Sunday after missing three weeks with a back injury, and Jimmie Johnson, who will be starting only his third race this year. Johnson will start 37th — last in the field.

Charlotte Cup starting lineup

Wet weather cancels Charlotte Cup Series practice, qualifying


CONCORD, N.C. — NASCAR Cup Series drivers will start the longest race of the season with no practice or qualifying.

Wet weather and predictions of more to come led NASCAR to cancel Saturday night’s Cup Series practice and qualifying in mid-afternoon. The field for Sunday’s 600-mile race was set by the NASCAR rulebook, placing William Byron and Kevin Harvick on the front row for the  scheduled 6 p.m. start.

MORE: Charlotte Cup starting lineup

MORE: Alex Bowman confident as he returns to cockpit

Weather also could be an issue Sunday as more rain is predicted for the speedway area.

Drivers were scheduled to practice at 7 p.m. Saturday. That session was to be followed by qualifying at 7:45 p.m. The cancellations were announced at 3:45 p.m.

The time-trial cancellation marked the first time in 64 years that qualifying has been canceled for the 600.